Description In a panoramic and pioneering reappraisal, Pieter Judson shows why the Habsburg Empire mattered so much, for so long, to millions of Central Europeans. Across divides of language, religion, region, and history, ordinary women and men felt a common attachment to their empire, while bureaucrats, soldiers, politicians, and academics devised inventive solutions to the challenges of governing Europe s second largest state. In the decades before and after its dissolution, some observers belittled the Habsburg Empire as a dysfunctional patchwork of hostile ethnic groups and an anachronistic imperial relic. Judson examines their motives and explains just how wrong these rearguard critics were. Rejecting fragmented histories of nations in the making, this bold revision surveys the shared institutions that bridged difference and distance to bring stability and meaning to the far-flung empire. By supporting new schools, law courts, and railroads, along with scientific and artistic advances, the Habsburg monarchs sought to anchor their authority in the cultures and economies of Central Europe. A rising standard of living throughout the empire deepened the legitimacy of Habsburg rule, as citizens learned to use the empire s administrative machinery to their local advantage. Nationalists developed distinctive ideas about cultural difference in the context of imperial institutions, yet all of them claimed the Habsburg state as their empire. The empire s creative solutions to governing its many lands and peoples as well as the intractable problems it could not solve left an enduring imprint on its successor states in Central Europe. Its lessons remain no less important today.
The Habsburg Empire - Staff Choice by Marten A rewarding read about an often overlooked, largely forgotten and mostly misunderstood piece of European history. The author paints a somewhat rosy picture of the Habsburg Empire, pointing out how it was one of the first European states with official equality in the eyes of the law for all its citizens (man or woman, Non-Catholics and Jews), primary education for everyone, and centralization and rationalization of government. All well before the (French) revolution(s). He also makes a persuasive case for a new understanding of the role of nationalism in Central European history. Generally well, if not always consistently, written. For everyone who’s interested in Middle and East European history of the nineteenth century.